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3rd World Congress on Medical Sociology & Public Health, will be organized around the theme “Exploring the Sociological interrelations between Health, Illness and Medicine”
Medical Sociology 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Medical Sociology 2018
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Public health refers to all organized measures whether public or private to prevent disease, promote health, and prolongs life among the population as a whole. Its activities aim to provide conditions in which people can be healthy and focus on entire populations, not on individual patients or diseases. Medical sociology and public health share many of the same concerns in the study of social and cultural factors that affect the health of the population. Differences in theoretical approaches, methodological procedures, conceptualization and measurement, and research objectives, however, often serve to limit the potential for collaboration between the two disciplines. Sociologists possess many of the theoretical models and analytical techniques needed in public health for the study of the impact of poverty, inequality, socioeconomic status, differentials in power, and social and cultural differences on disease outcomes and health status. This field draws on traditional sociological issues and contributes to them through reformulations of such basic concepts as social systems and institutions, professionalism, social work and social change, and social interaction and negotiation.
- Track 1-1Health Inequalities
- Track 1-2Poverty
- Track 1-3Socioeconomic status
- Track 1-4Risk and preventive medicine
- Track 1-5Individuals and their behaviors
- Track 1-6Prejudice and blame
Medical sociology is the study of the societal dimensions of health and medicine and it provides an analytical framework for understanding the social contexts of health, illness and health care. Healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings. Health care is delivered by health professionals in allied health professions, chiropractic, physicians, physician associates, dentistry, midwifery, nursing, medicine, optometry, pharmacy, psychology, and other health professions. It includes the work done in providing primary care, secondary care, and tertiary care, as well as in public health.
- Track 2-1Prevention of disease
- Track 2-2Allied health professions
- Track 2-3Social contexts of health, illness and health care
- Track 2-4Diagnosis and Treatment
- Track 2-5Primary care
Medical sociology is the study of the societal dimensions of health and medicine and it provides an analytical framework for understanding the social contexts of health, illness and health care. Central topics include the subjective experience of health and illness, political, economic and environmental circumstances fostering ill health. Illness is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function that affects part or all of an organism. It is an unhealthy condition of a body or mind.
- Track 3-1Causes of Illness
- Track 3-2Social class and inequality
- Track 3-3Sickness
- Track 3-4Social construction of Illness
- Track 3-5Causes of Health Inequalities
Community health is a major field of study within the medical and clinical sciences which focuses on the maintenance, protection and improvement of the health status of population groups and communities as opposed to the health of individual patients. It is a distinct field of study that may be taught within a separate school of public health or environmental health. It is a discipline which concerns itself with the study and improvement of the health characteristics of biological communities. While the term community can be broadly defined, community health tends to focus on geographical areas rather than people with shared characteristics. The success of community health programmes relies upon the transfer of information from health professionals to the general public using one-to-one or mass communication.
- Track 4-1Primary healthcare
- Track 4-2Secondary healthcare
- Track 4-3Tertiary healthcare
- Track 4-4Mass communication
- Track 4-5Population health
- Track 4-6Community mental health service
Medical Sociology draws on traditional sociological issues and contributes to them through reformulations of such basic concepts as social systems and institutions, professionalism, social movements and social change, and social interaction and negotiation. The field is concerned with basic social science research and its implications for public policy and practice. Medical Sociology and Epidemiology are interlinked with each other. Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related events, and the application of this study to the control of diseases and other health problems. It is the cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions and evidence-based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare. Social epidemiology is the social distribution and social determinants of health, societal conditions affect health.
- Track 5-1Social Epidemiology
- Track 5-2Social Movements of health
- Track 5-3Social determinants of health
- Track 5-4Preventive healthcare
- Track 5-5Religion, Spirituality, Health and Medicine
- Track 5-6Health, Security, and new Biological Threats
Medical anthropology is the study of how health and illness are shaped, experienced, and understood in light of global, historical, and political forces. It is one of the most exciting subfields of anthropology and has increasingly clear relevance for students and professionals interested in the complexity of disease states, diagnostic categories, and what comes to count as pathology or health. Medical Anthropology research mainly focus in the fields of the development of systems of medical knowledge and medical care, the patient-physician relationship, the integration of alternative medical systems in culturally diverse environments, the interaction of social, environmental and biological factors which influence health and illness both in the individual and the community as a whole, the critical analysis of interaction between psychiatric services and migrant populations and the impact of biomedicine and biomedical technologies in non-Western settings.
- Track 6-1Public Policy approaches to inequality
- Track 6-2Social class and inequality
- Track 6-3Mechanisms causing health inequalities
- Track 6-4Ethnicity and inequality
- Track 6-5Age and gender
- Track 6-6International Health inequalities
- Track 6-7Social exchange
The relation between medical sociology and sociological theory is crucial to the sub discipline. Theory is usually distinguishes research in medical sociology from socially oriented studies like public health and health services research. Sociological theory allows medical sociology to remain unique among the health-related social and behavioral sciences. Medical Sociology was intended to help solve a clinical problem, rather than develop theory. Social conflict is a theory which tells about the struggle between segments of society over valued resources. There are so many sociological theories which deal with the health aspects in social contexts like engaged theory, feminism, positivism, social constructionism and social exchange theory.
- Track 7-1Importance of sociological theory in medicine
- Track 7-2Feminism
- Track 7-3Gender Inequalities
- Track 7-4Public health research
- Track 7-5Social and behavioral sciences
- Track 7-6Socioeconomic differentials in health
Social conditions and psychiatric disorders shape the lives of the people. The changing life conditions of people have more effect on their mental health such as psychological distress, the impact of life events, stress and coping. Mental health is a level of psychological well-being, or an absence of mental illness. Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel and act as we cope with life. It also helps determine how we handle stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from childhood and adolescence through adulthood. It is the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment. From the perspective of positive psychology or holism, mental health may include an individual's ability to enjoy life, and create a balance between life activities and efforts to achieve psychological resilience.
Mental illnesses are serious disorders which can affect your thinking, mood, and behavior. There are many causes of mental disorders. Your genes and family history may play a role. Your life experiences, such as stress or a history of abuse, may also matter. Biological factors can also be part of the cause. Mental disorders are common, but treatments are available.
- Track 8-1Mental illness
- Track 8-2Emotional and behavioral adjustment
- Track 8-3Positive psychology
- Track 8-4Causes of health inequalities
- Track 8-5Stress and coping
Nursing is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, facilitation of healing, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations. Medical Sociology is the study of human social behavior and interaction, has become a component of many nursing education programs because it is believed that undertaking formal study of human behavior can assist nurses in providing care and performing thorough diagnosis. Incorporating sociology into the study of nursing emphasizes the social nature of health care and helps nurses understand their role as a social agents whose job requires interaction with and understanding of many different types of people from a variety of different backgrounds. Interpersonal care can be an essential part of a nurse's role as a health care provider, and the study of sociology is believed to help nurses gain new insight into their patients’ lives and issues.
- Track 9-1Health and abilities
- Track 9-2Nursing education
- Track 9-3Role of Nurses
- Track 9-4Individual care
Health policy refers to decisions, plans, and actions that are undertaken to achieve specific health care goals within a society. An explicit health policy can achieve several things: it defines a vision for the future which in turn helps to establish targets and points of reference for the short and medium term. It outlines priorities and the expected roles of different groups; and it builds consensus and informs people. Medical sociology is the study of the societal dimensions of health and medicine and it provides an analytical framework for understanding the social contexts of health, illness and health care. Healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings. Medical Sociologists, Social Science Researchers, Social Workers, Sociologists are the key persons in framing health policies.
- Track 10-1Social Contexts of health
- Track 10-2Sickness as deviance
- Track 10-3Prevention of disease
- Track 10-4Stigma and illness
- Track 10-5The sick role
Gender is an important dimension of social life which intersects with others in social class, ethnicity and age. Gender and social relationships affects the health. Health experiences of women are different from those of men. The cultural and religious norms of a society have a profound influence on roles, attitudes, and behavior of men and women within the society. Gender inequality is most common in women dealing with poverty. The study of gender and development has become a broad field that involves politicians, economists, and human rights activists. Gender and Development, particularly women empowerment, includes a broader view of the effects of development on gender including economic, political, and social issues.
- Track 11-1Gender inequality
- Track 11-2Women development
- Track 11-3Cultural and religious barriers for women
- Track 11-4Health experiences of men and women
- Track 11-5Understanding gender and health
Addiction is a condition that results when a person ingests a substance (e.g., Alcohol, Cocaine, nicotine) or engages in an activity (e.g., gambling, sex, shopping) that can be pleasurable but the continued use/act of which becomes compulsive and interferes with ordinary life responsibilities, such as work, relationships, or health. Users may not be aware that their behavior is out of control and causing problems for themselves and others.
- Track 12-1Changing medical practice
- Track 12-2Disappearing doctors and disappearing patients
- Track 12-3Doctor’s difficulties
- Track 12-4Regulating medicine
- Track 12-5Non-human threats
The practice of advocating for individuals and communities is social work. Social work plays a major role in medical sociology in the form of medical social workers. Medical social workers deal with the emotional, social and financial needs that frequently accompany with healthcare issues. They generally work in medical and surgical hospitals. They perform duties like new patient admissions, discharges and following up on aftercare plans. Medical Sociologists, Social Science Researchers, Social Workers, Sociologists are mainly involves in social work.
- Track 13-1Social workers and their relation with patients
- Track 13-2Solving healthcare issues
- Track 13-3Neglected tropical diseases
Race is a group of people who share similar and distinctive physical characteristics. There is a relationship between individual health and one’s race and ethnicity. Health disparities are seen among different racial and ethnic groups. The race-conflict approach is a sociological perspective that looks at disparity and tension between people of different racial and ethnic groups. It's a way of viewing and studying people that focus on racial inequality and conflict. There is a lot of difference between whites and blacks in America. White Americans earn a high level of income, obtains advanced educational degrees, have better access to quality healthcare and live longer than American racial minorities. The injustices against black and minority groups are very high in some of the developed countries.
An Ethnicity is a category of people identify with each other based on common social, cultural or national experiences. Ethnicity is often assumed to be the cultural unity of a group, often based on language and tradition. It is primarily an inherited status. There is a relationship between health of an individual and race and ethnicity. Health disparities are seen among different racial and ethnic groups. Health disparities, which include variations in life expectancy and prevalence of disease, due to the differences in health conditions across various ethnic populations that can be attributed to inequalities in living environment and access to healthcare may also play a role.
- Track 14-1Health disparities
- Track 14-2Racial segregation
- Track 14-3Social disparities
- Track 14-4Race-conflict approach
- Track 14-5Injustices to minority groups
- Track 14-6Cultural unity
- Track 14-7Healthcare accessibility
Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli, such as stubbing a toe, burning a finger, putting alcohol on a cut, and bumping the funny bone. Pain motivates the individual to withdraw from damaging situations, to protect a damaged body part while it heals, and to avoid similar experiences in the future. Pain management, pain medicine, pain control is a branch of medicine employing an interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those living with chronic pain. The typical pain management team includes medical practitioners, pharmacists, clinical psychologists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and clinical nurse specialists. The team may also include other mental health specialists and massage therapists. Pain sometimes resolves promptly once the underlying trauma or pathology has healed, and is treated by one practitioner, with drugs such as analgesics and anxiolytics. Effective management of chronic pain, however, frequently requires the coordinated efforts of the management team.
- Track 15-1Pain medicine
- Track 15-2Chronic pain
- Track 15-3Quality of life
- Track 15-4Psychological measures
- Track 15-5Physical Medicine
- Track 15-6Rehabilitation